Social, safety and economic impacts of global language testing in aviation

Author:  Philip Shawcross BACKGROUND Language and communication in aviation A Chinese pilot flying from Beijing to Paris may cross ten national boundaries and speak to more than two dozen air traffic controllers, each with a different first-language background, speaking different regional varieties of English at varying levels of proficiency. According…

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ICAO’s English Language Proficiency Requirements

In 1997 ICAO recognized the importance of improving communication between pilots and air traffic controllers in order to avoid accidents. The Air Navigation Commission (ANC) reviewed the existing provisions for air-ground and ground-ground voice communication in the international civil aviation context. The ANC made changes to strengthen ICAO Annexes 1,…

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ICAO Language Proficiency Requirements (LPRs) for Pilots and Air Traffic Controllers

The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has established English language proficiency requirements (LPRs) for all pilots operating on international routes, and all air traffic controllers who communicate with foreign pilots. These standards require pilots and air traffic controllers to be able to communicate proficiently using both ICAO phraseology and plain English. Formal…

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Proficiency in the English language used for radiotelephony communications

ICAO Standards article A37-10 Whereas to prevent accidents, ICAO introduced language provisions to ensure that air traffic personnel and pilots are proficient in conducting and comprehending radiotelephony communications in the English language, including requirements that the English language shall be available on request at all stations on the ground serving designated airports…

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CASA – English language proficiency for flight crew

The Civil Aviation Safety Authority of Australia (CASA) has promulgated two different English language proficiency standards for flight crew, namely, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation language proficiency standards for operational flight crew and the CASA general English language standards for student pilots. ICAO language proficiency standard for operational…

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